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Example for coupling and cohesion

Explain Coupling and cohesion with suitable example

Cohesion: Cohesion is used to indicate the degree to which a class has a single, well-focused purpose. Coupling is all about how classes interact with each other, on the other hand cohesion focuses on how single class is designed. Higher the cohesiveness of the class, better is the OO design. Benefits of Higher Cohesion cohesion, and eliminates stamp coupling in one case) 4. Common coupling arises when a method depends on a global variable. This is less common in OO systems, but can still occur. a) Example: In the video store problem, the rental rate can be set by management. One might address this by including a variable rentalRate in the class StoreDatabase - in whic

Coupling Cohesion; Coupling is also called Inter-Module Binding. Cohesion is also called Intra-Module Binding. Coupling shows the relationships between modules. Cohesion shows the relationship within the module. Coupling shows the relative independence between the modules. Cohesion shows the module's relative functional strength Communicational Cohesion: Two elements operate on the same input data or contribute towards the same output data. Example- update record int the database and send it to the printer. Procedural Cohesion: Elements of procedural cohesion ensure the order of execution. Actions are still weakly connected and unlikely to be reusable. Ex- calculate student GPA, print student record, calculate cumulative GPA, print cumulative GPA

An example of good cohesion is an electric drill. It consists of a motor, a power supply, a casing, a trigger, a holder for drill bits, and drill bits themselves. All of these separate components — as different as they are individually — work together to create something useful. So it is with your code Object cohesion is when all activities modify a single object. This only works in object-oriented languages. An example might be a module that only modifies a user object. All tasks within this module update the user module in some way. Cohesion Conclusion. Cohesion is really important to make code that is easy to understand and maintain. The more focused the modules, the easier the code will be to debug Coupling and Cohesion. I believe the source of the terms Coupling and Cohesion is from a paper called, Structured Software Design (1974), Wayne Stevens, Glenford Myers, and Larry Constantine. This paper discusses characteristics of good programming practices that can reduce maintenance and modification costs for software. Loose (Low) coupling. Cohesion Coupling; Cohesion is the concept of intra module. Coupling is the concept of inter module. Cohesion represents the relationship within module. Coupling represents the relationships between modules. Increasing in cohesion is good for software. Increasing in coupling is avoided for software. Cohesion represents the functional strength of modules Cohesion is an indication of how related and focused the responsibilities of an software element are. Coupling refers to how strongly a software element is connected to other elements. The software element could be class, package, component, subsystem or a system

Cohesion and coupling applies to every level of a design and architecture, but I've mostly focused on fine-grained details at the class and method levels. Sure, you better get the big architectural decisions right—technology selection, project structure, and physical deployment are all important, but usually these are fairly constrained in the number of choices and the trade-offs are. Cohesion represents the degree to which a part of a code base forms a logically single atomic unit. Coupling represents the degree to which a single unit is independent from others (Coupling is the number of connections between two or more units. It is an intra-module concept. It is an inter-Module concept admin@ehrscience.com Site Offlin Coupling: In software engineering, the coupling can be defined as the measurement to which the components of the software depend upon each other. Normally, the coupling is contrasted with the cohesion. If the system has a low coupling, it is a sign of a well-structured computer system and a great design. A low coupling combined with the high cohesion, it supports the mission of high readability and maintainability. The coupling term generally occurs together with the cohesion very. Another Coupling Example with Spring Framework. Consider the following body of code: public class BinarySearchImpl { public int binarySearch(int[] numbers, int numberToSearchFor) { BubbleSortAlgorithm bubbleSortAlgorthm = new BubbleSortAlgorithm(); int[] sortedNumbers = bubbleSortAlgorithm.sort(numbers); //... }

Software Engineering Coupling and Cohesion - javatpoin

  1. g) In software Engenering, coupling is the degree of interdependence between software modules; a measure of how closely connected two routines or modules are; the strength of the relationships between modules. Coupling is usually contrasted with cohesion. Low coupling often correlates with high cohesion, and vice versa. Low coupling is often a sign of a well- structured computer system and a good design, and when combined with high cohesion, supports.
  2. Example of Low Cohesion: As for coupling, it refers to how related are two classes / modules and how dependent they are on each other. Being low coupling would mean that changing something major in one class should not affect the other
  3. Coupling represents the degree to which a single unit is independent from others. It's impossible to achieve full decoupling without damaging cohesion, and vise versa. Try to adhere to the high cohesion and low coupling guideline on all levels of your code base. Don't fall into the trap of destructive decoupling

Software Engineering Coupling and Cohesion - GeeksforGeek

This video is part of the Udacity course Software Architecture & Design. Watch the full course at https://www.udacity.com/course/ud82 For example, Low Coupling and High Cohesion leads to more module independence. Similar to the reverse may often lead to a software failure. Recommended Articles. This is a guide to Coupling vs Cohesion. Here we discuss the difference between Coupling vs Cohesion with a comparison table, key differences and infographics. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more - Data. example: suppose if u want to develope a software for maintain records of engineering college student.you define separate packge for year.and seperate class for department.then only you can understand the code easily and you easily resolve issuse.this is call cohesion. Note:low coupling and high cohesion is good in software developenment. Cohesion and Coupling - YouTube. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Cohesion vs Coupling Cohesion Coupling Cohesion is the indication of the relationship within module. Coupling is the indication of the relationships between modules. Cohesion shows the module's relative functional strength. Coupling shows the relative independence among the modules. Cohesion is a degree (quality) to which a component / module focuses on the single thing Coupling is a degree to which a component / module is connected to the other modules. Notes By Adil Aslam My.

There are 6 types of coupling: Data Coupling,Stamp Coupling,Control Coupling,External Coupling,Common Coupling and Content Coupling: There are 8 types of cohesion: Functional Cohesion,Sequential Cohesion,Communicational Cohesion,Procedural Cohesion,Temporal Cohesion,Logical Cohesion and Coincidental Cohesion Example- sort function that takes comparison function as an argument. External Coupling: In external coupling, the modules depend on other modules, external to the software being developed or to a particular type of hardware. Ex- protocol, external file, device format, etc. Common Coupling: The modules have shared data such as global data structures.The changes in global data mean tracing back. In this article, we will learn about Cohesion in detail with examples. 2. Intent/Definition. The term cohesion is used to indicate the degree to which a class has a single, well-focused responsibility. Cohesion is a measure of how the methods of a class or a module are meaningfully and strongly related and how focused they are in providing a well-defined purpose to the system. 3. Loose (Low) coupling and High (Tight) cohesion are the desirable properties for components in software. Low coupling allows components to be used independently from other components. High cohesion increases the probability that a component can be reused in more places, by limiting its capabilities to small well-defined tasks. For those of you keeping score at home

Coupling is usually contrasted with cohesion. Low coupling often correlates with high cohesion, and vice versa. Low coupling is often thought to be a sign of a well-structured computer system and a good design, and when combined with high cohesion, supports the general goals of high readability and maintainability. [citation neede Utilization of Cohesion and Coupling in a Structure Chart. Cohesion and coupling are important parts of evaluating a system design. The optimal module will have a high degree of cohesion and be minimally, or loosely, coupled. Cohesion measures a system’s scope and processing tendencies. For instance, a module that reflects a simple task is highly cohesive, which is a highly. BRIEF HISTORY ABOUT COUPLING AND COHESION. The two forms of concepts Coupling and Cohesion have been used in computing for a long time, with the ideas first proposed by Larry Constantine in 1968 (a relatively auspicious year for computing) at the National Symposium on Modular Programming. Such twin concepts of Coupling and Cohesion went on to. Loose coupling example. 3.4.3 Bad (Weak) Cohesion . The classic example of weak cohesion is if you take a diagram and ring-fence it with your Create SubVI tool, but you do it in a completely haphazard way. If you show no regard at all for the operations that you are ring-fencing, you will have a system that is coincidentally cohesive. From a maintenance point of view a system partitioned like. For example, maximizing cohesion is neither a clear concept nor desirable. Too many dependencies within a module gives no structural benefit. When change happens, its effect within the module could be as bad as across modules in a tightly coupled system. Thus, it's only a matter of perspective: are we looking at classes in a package or across packages

Example measurements of cohesion. Functionality (business) is always the right key to use. Violet and blue can stand for sales and accounting, a product and an invoice, or user registration and ordering. My definition may be a bit oversimplified as the boundaries are not always as solid and obvious. This is why business experts must be involved. Myth busted. Cohesion and coupling are almost. Coupling and cohesion example (Refactoring the code) [closed] Ask Question Asked 5 years, 9 months ago. Active 5 years, 9 months ago. Viewed 635 times 2. 1. Closed. This question needs to be more focused. It is not currently accepting answers. Want to improve this question? Update the question so it focuses on one problem only by editing this post. Closed 4 years ago. Improve this question I. Coupling. Coupling between two modules is a measure of the degree of interaction or interdependence between the two modules. A module having low coupling and high cohesion is said to be functionally independent of other modules.. If two modules interchange huge amounts of data/information, then they are highly interdependent.The degree of coupling between two modules depends on their interface. For example, the coupling properties between methods of di erent object classes highly in uence the coupling properties between these object classes. The enhancement of coupling and cohesion concepts for object-oriented systems is the main contribution of this paper. The research to be described has been motivated by the project MooD (Methods.

Coupling and Cohesion

Coupling and cohesion are two often misunderstood terms in software engineering. These are terms that are used to indicate the qualitative analysis of the modularity in a system, and they help us. What is cohesion and coupling explain with example? Cohesion is used to indicate the degree to which a class has a single, well-focused purpose. Coupling is all about how classes interact with each other, on the other hand cohesion focuses on how single class is designed. Higher the cohesiveness of the class, better is the OO design. 36 Related Question Answers Found What are the different. Minimizing coupling IV. The open-closed principle V. The Law of Demeter VI. Factory Method pattern Maximizing cohesion The basic guideline of class design is, Every class should be responsible for doing one thing only and doing it well. Readers should be able to understand the behavior of the class without reading the code. The fact that all the behavior of a class is closely related is called.

Coupling , Cohesion and there Types

Example- sort function that takes comparison function as an argument. External Coupling: In external coupling, the modules depend on other modules, external to the software being developed or to a particular type of hardware. Ex- protocol, external file, device format, etc. Common Coupling: The modules have shared data such as global data structures.The changes in global data mean tracing back. I can give a good example from a project I'm currently working on, a GUI library. UIs are often implemented as frameworks with their own event loop, because it's a natural dependency. Since the loop is often inside or immediately called by the app.. coupling is how much your class know about other class. cohesion is when you have one class focus, one objective. this is what i know about it.and im unable to understand the code given in SCJP book.this the example given for cohesion which i am unable to understand. class BudgetReport { Options getReportingOptions() { 2.Worksheet with cohesion and coupling examples 3.Transparency of Table 9.2 in the text 4.Source code for ATM Example system class Transaction (online) 5.Source code for ATM Example system class AccountInformation (online) 6.ATM Example System Withdrawal interaction diagram (online) 7.ATM Example System Package diagram - two forms: with package contents listed, and without (online, draw on.

Single Responsibility Principle High Cohesion & Low Coupling leandrotk Dec 8 '19 at 13:32 78 High cohesion modules and low coupling modules are often regarded as related to high quality in OO programming languages. within between For example, the code inside each Java class must have high internal cohesion, but be as loosely coupled as possible to the code in other Java classes A discussion of the notions of Coupling and Cohesion in software systems, with practical examples in Rails. - jn123456789/coupling_and_cohesion

High Cohesion and Low Coupling Outside of OOP (With Examples) Cohesion. Cohesion here means the degree to which elements that logically belong together are actually together when... Coupling. The standard way of describing coupling is to say: It's the degree to which your software entities depend. loose coupling and High cohesion are the basic building blocks (recipe) of a Good architecture. We've looked at the Coupling and Cohesion generally, both their positive and negative sides and how they facilitate Continuous Delivery / Integration. We've also looked at their examples from a programming perspective and a services perspective. Below are the resources that I will highly. We have spent a few episodes looking at cohesion and coupling. Now it is time to find balance in these two software design approaches. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses. Therefore, our best approach is to combine the strengths while offsetting the weaknesses. This best-fit approach is not as difficult to achieve as it may seem. Cache The Main Data. The large object approach allows us. Coupling and Cohesion Module Coupling. In software engineering, the coupling is the degree of interdependence between software modules. Two modules that are tightly coupled are strongly dependent on each other. However, two modules that are loosely coupled are not dependent on each other. Uncoupled modules have no interdependence at all within them. The various types of coupling techniques are. cohesion - and why we want strong cohesion; coupling - and why we want weak coupling; Many of these concepts come from chapter 5 of Code Complete by Steve McConnell. [Microsoft Press, 1993.] Routines. We often use the word routine as a general concept, to refer to a function or a procedure. We typically use the word procedure to refer to a function with no return value. In other languages.

Cohesion Types Loose Coupling and Strong Cohesion

  1. Cohesion and coupling are clearly related. Usually the greater the cohesion of each module in the system, the lower the coupling between modules is. There are several levels of Cohesion: Coincidental. Logical. Temporal. Procedural. Communicational. Sequential. Functional. Coincidental is the lowest level, and functional is the highest. Coincidental Cohesion occurs when there is no meaningful.
  2. Low cohesion: Many classes with only a single method (that would belong better together) or one class with lots of methods (that aren't related) is an example of low cohesion. The problem with high cohesion is that it typically correlates to tight coupling. What do we do? You see the conundrum we're in? We optimize for cohesion we lose coupling
  3. Cohesion and coupling are thus not at odds - high cohesion and low coupling are both good, and achieving one tends to make achieving the other easier, not harder. When some people think that high coupling is sometimes excusable, it is often because they confuse cohesion with consistency and ease of use. I am sure there are many different ideas of what the appropriate tradeoff is. I put the bar.
  4. Communicational Cohesion: Two elements operate on the same input data or contribute towards the same output data. Example- update record into the database and send it to the printer. Procedural Cohesion: Elements of procedural cohesion ensure the order of execution. Actions are still weakly connected and unlikely to be reusable. Ex- calculate student GPA, print student record, calculate.
  5. Two very important design principles to be applied in designing functions to achieve this is Loose Coupling and Strong Cohesion. Loose Coupling . Loose Coupling is the degree of independence of a function from other functions. If we have a number of functions which all depend on each other to work, then we have not done a good enough job of generalizing their functionality. Example (bad): Let.

Some examples. Like I said earlier, once you really start to understand coupling and cohesion, you'll start to see how most good design practices are really just ways of minimizing coupling and/or maximizing cohesion. For instance: Most (if not all) of the design patterns listed as structural patterns in the definitive reference are ways of reducing coupling between different parts of a. Cohesion and coupling are also relevant at the level of logical tiers (resource:integration:logic:presentetion:view). Coupling •Interconnectedness •The more one module has to know about another module, the higher is the coupling between them •Modules should be as independent as possible •Modules should communicate only via small, well-defined (narrow) interfaces. bank. An example of logical cohesion is the case where a set of print functions generating different output reports are arranged into a single module. Temporal cohesion. When a module contains functions that are related by the fact that all the functions must be executed in the same time span. For Ex., the set of functions responsible for initialization, start-up, shutdown of some process, etc. Below are two examples of a simple Dictionary written in Ruby. The dictionary supports reading and writing definitions to a file in either plain text or XML. We will compare them using the principles of cohesion and coupling to prove the second example is more orthogonal than the first. Dictionary Example For example, CBO (Coupling between Objects) is a known metric used to measure number of classes that a particular class is coupled to. Other metrics that relate to coupling between classes include: RFC: Response for Class CE: Efferent Coupling CA: Afferent Coupling CF: Coupling Factor Definitions for those metrics can be found here:1 2. Metrics tools vary in supporting those metrics, some even.

Coupling and Cohesion - CodeProjec

We all know the big goal is low coupling and high cohesion. But if asked to, could you write down what smells you would see to identify tightly coupled code? by Jonathan Danylko · Jul. 21, 16. Q: Discuss and explain recursive methods, hidden implementations, and cohesion and coupling. Recursive methods: Recursion in software engineering is where the answer for an issue relies upon answers for littler examples of a similar issue (rather than cycle). The approach can be connected to many sorts of issues, and recursion is one of the. Cohesion is increased if: The functionalities embedded in a class, accessed through its methods, have much in common. Methods carry out a small number of related activities, by avoiding coarsely grained or unrelated sets of data.; Related methods are in the same source file or otherwise grouped together; for example, in separate files but in the same sub-directory/folder Low coupling is often a sign of a well-structured software and a good design, and when combined with high cohesion, supports the general goals of high readability and maintainability

Coupling and cohesion between subsystems are com-monly studied metrics when analyzing the architecture of software systems. It is usually desirable for subsystems to have high cohesion within the subsystem and to have low coupling to other subsystems. High cohesion implies cohe-sive concerns and low coupling implies localized changes Low Coupling & High Cohesion are the building blocks for a successful & maintainable enterprise applications. And working on these applications, you would like to maintain the Separation Of Concern (SOC). If you design different modules, processes, sub systems or inter-related / inter-dependent systems, then applying SOC with Low Coupling & High Cohesion helps us achieve this objective. Low. If we start digging into the details of the examples I gave above you will see how easy you will be in doubt about which level the example belong. Because of its subjectiveness, SMC Cohesion could not be used efficiently to derive reliable metrics. Many papers and a few books were published from late 70s to late 90s exploring and expanding the notion of cohesion and coupling defined by SMC. How to translate «explain coupling and cohesion with example - объясните сцепление и когезию на примере» Add an external link to your content for free. Translate: объясните сцепление и когезию на примере.

Software Engineering Differences between Coupling and

Cohesion in software engineering has a balance between both unit complexity and coupling because a perfect cohesion is possible in a module if only it consists of single element that is atomic and consisting of only one function. Such module consisting of only one element can be either too complicated in order to be able to achieve the task or can be too narrow while being in tight coupling. Logical cohesion; Logical cohesion is when parts of a module are grouped because they are logically categorized to do the same thing, even if they are different by nature (e.g. grouping all mouse and keyboard input handling routines). Examples: 1. Print Functions: An example of logical cohesion is the case where a set of print functions. notice. javascript required to view this site. why. measured improvement in server performance. awesome incremental searc

oop - Difference Between Cohesion and Coupling - Stack

  1. any one can explain it with example that what is Cohesion and coupling and what is difference between them. thanks. Merged by Sabah Shariq MVP Friday, November 18, 2016 1:08 PM same question asked twice; Friday, November 18, 2016 12:07 PM. text/html 11/18/2016 1:10:03 PM Sabah Shariq 0. 0. Sign in to vote. As both are the same question in different I merged them together. Thanks, Sabah Shariq.
  2. Coupling and cohesion. As Example 8 shows, developers need to deal with the dependencies that arise as a result of their decomposition of a problem and its solution into a number of modules. We say that a module of a system depends on another if it is possible that a change to one module requires a change to another. Approaches to software development: Coupling and cohesion Coupling: In.
  3. Let's now look at a more detailed example of coupling and cohesion. Suppose we have a class called sensor that has two purposes, getting humidity and getting temperature sensor readings. Here we have a get method that takes a zero flag if you wanted to return the humidity value, and takes the one flag if you want it to return the temperature value. Now, let's evaluate this sensor class based.

Examples Coupling And Cohesion In Software Engineering With Examples As recognized, adventure as with ease as experience very nearly lesson, amusement, as capably as treaty can be gotten by just checking out a book coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples next it is not directly done, you could assume even more vis--vis this life, more or less the world. We allow you this. Object coupling and cohesion. In this section we are going to highlight the good and bad aspects of object collaborations and how you should structure the design of systems to support reuse and maintainability. In order to do this we are going to recap on encapsulation and introduce the terms cohesion and coupling. First have a brief look at the image below. Encapsulation enables a class to be. What are some examples of coupling and cohesion for class which elaborates Coupling and Cohesion with examples. do a task in c++ and i am asked to write Low coupling and high cohesion in C++ The goal of this case study is to show the benefits of low coupling and high cohesion, its properties, for example . 15/11/2017В В· FORK AND PIPE WORKING C++ PROGRAM EXPLAINED - Duration: how to create. Examples Coupling And Cohesion In Software Engineering With Examples Thank you very much for reading coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples. Maybe you have knowledge that, people have look hundreds times for their favorite books like this coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples, but end up in malicious downloads. Rather than reading a good book with a. Architectural Coupling and Cohesion. I'm sure you've heard it all before — maybe in college, maybe from a book, or perhaps at a local meetup — but everyone knows that in the general case you should strive to build systems that are loosely-coupled and highly-cohesive. I'm not going to talk too much about this, as other people like Martin Fowler, Robert Martin and Simon Brown.

Patterns in Practice: Cohesion And Coupling Microsoft Doc

  1. By implementing every type of shape into one class we do not follow loose coupling and high cohesion. If we were to implement every shape the file would become a burden to maintain. For instance, if we wanted to make changes to the circle implementation, we need to read code that we don't even care about
  2. Examples Coupling And Cohesion In Software Engineering With Examples|pdfazapfdingbats font size 13 format Thank you definitely much for downloading coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples.Maybe you have knowledge that, people have see numerous times for their favorite books subsequently this coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples, but end up in harmful.
  3. View Coupling and cohesion.ppt from SOFTWARE 12031995 at Vellore Institute of Technology. Coupling and Cohesion Design Prof. Akila Victor Modularization • Modularization is the process o
  4. For best results you want to aim for high cohesion & low coupling. An Example Of Cohesion. Low cohesion is like having an unusual topping on your pizza, while high cohesion feels like everything is where it should be. You can get a feeling for it, but it's hard to measure, you can't just get a number that tells you how cohesive your class is. So to make it easy to understand I want to show.
  5. For example, if we identify a type of control coupling in a method and we can see two flows with different results based on the passed element of control, maybe we could split the method into two separate methods. Another example could be a situation when we see that a method has a parameter that is data structure and uses just a few fields from it. In this case, maybe we could replace the.
  6. Coupling is usually contrasted with cohesion, e.g., low coupling translates into high cohesion and vice-versa. Levels of Coupling Coupling can be low / loose / weak or high / tight / strong
  7. Cohesion and coupling are used as the categorisation method to specify the interactions within and between the software components. We know that software could contain thousands of lines of code or even more than that, which could result in an unanticipated increase in the code complexity. To stabilize the code complexity, the concept of modularisation is introduced. The modularization is the.

10 Difference Between Coupling And Cohesion In Software

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Download Free Coupling And Cohesion In Software Engineering With Examples Coupling And Cohesion In Software Engineering With Examples|aefurat font size 11 format Thank you totally much for downloading coupling and cohesion in software engineering with examples.Maybe you have knowledge that, people have look numerous times for their favorite books in the same way as this coupling and cohesion. example) are not appropriate? Solution: Assign a highly cohesive set of responsibilities to an artificial or convenience class that does not represent a domain concept—sometimes invented to support high cohesion, low coupling, and reuse. PROTECTED VARIANTS Problem: How to design objects, subsystems, and systems so that the variations or instability in these elements does not have an.

Explain Cohesion and Coupling With Types in Software

Cohesion and couplingCohesion & Liquid Bridges | CFDEM®project

Cohesion and Coupling deal with the quality of an OO design. Generally, good OO design should be loosely coupled and highly cohesive. Lot of the design principles, design patterns which have been created are based on the idea of Loose coupling and high cohesion. The aim of the design should be to make the application An example of tight coupling and loose coupling in java will be demonstrated with the same program example and outputs for a better understanding between their difference. First you'll understand tightly coupled code and issue with it and then understand the loosely coupled code using the same example and it's benefits Examples of activities in a sequentially cohesive module are: · retrieve customer, retrieve customer order, and generate invoice, · get and edit input data. Strength of Sequential Cohesion . In general, a sequentially cohesive module: · has good coupling, · is easy to maintain. Weakness of Sequential Cohesion . Sequentially cohesive modules are not as good candidates for re-use as are. Fan-in Coupling Example. For instance, the PageUrlGenerator class in the above diagram has three first-level dependants, and four dependants in total so it's said to have a high afferent coupling.. As we mentioned before, components with high afferent coupling have smaller chances of being affected by the changes introduced to its dependants, therefore; these components are also called. Structured Design, including cohesion and coupling, This number ranges from approximately 0.67 (low coupling) to 1.0 (highly coupled) For example, if a module has only a single input and output data parameter. If a module has 5 input and output data parameters, an equal number of control parameters, and accesses 10 items of global data, with a fan-in of 3 and a fan-out of 4, Share this.

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